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Internationalisation of cultural and creative goods and services not only means the exportation of goods. While it is important in the process of going abroad, it also can be achieved through “foreign direct investment (relocation or outsourcing), technology transfers, participation in international value chains, and other forms of inter-SME cooperation” (Buckley and Casson, 1998). The main goal is the same regardless the method: to gain greater competitive advantage.

Cultural and creative sectors are comprised of all sectors whose activities are based on cultural values, or other artistic individuals or collective creative expressions and are defined in the legal bases of the Creative Europe Programme.

The 2015-18 Work Plan for Culture cites cultural and creative sectors, creative economy and innovation as one of its four main priorities for cooperation in cultural policy making. The New European Agenda for Culture and New Work Plan for Culture 2019-2022 underline the importance of cultural and creative sectors for innovation, job creation, cohesion and well-being of societies.

The EC has focussed on an ecosystem approach to supporting artists, cultural and creative professionals and European content. This policy agenda is complemented through a variety of actions and initiatives – such as the Creative Europe Programme – as well as funding from various Commission resources.

The European Union (EU) supports Cultural and Creative Sectors through:

As a priority under the last EU Work Plan for Culture, public policies and entrepreneurship and innovation potential of cultural and creative sectors was one of the issues examined more in detail by Member States experts, stakeholders, and the Commission services:

Creative hubs, peer learning and similar

As a priority under the last EU Work Plan for Culture, public policies toward entrepreneurship and innovation potential of CCS was one of the issues examined in greater detail by Member States experts, stakeholders, and the Commission services:

Studies and data

In order to help cultural and creative sectors with evidence-based policy-making, the European Commission and Eurostat are working on cultural statistics and other relevant studies, some of which can be found under the following links:

Financing for CCIs

Finding the right type of financing support for cultural and creative sectors/industries is a challenge… here are some interesting links to initiatives at EU level:

Relevant networks

Relevant regional networks:

Other relevant links

It is also recommended to learn about Incoterms, “International Commercial Terms” that are a series of commercial terms defined by the ICC (the International Chamber of Commerce) and used in imports and exports around the world: they define the rights and duties of all legal entities involved in the transfer of goods.

We can divide the Incoterms 2020 into different groups according to the initial letter of the acronym, the terms belonging to the same group share similar characteristics. For example, Group E, Group F, Group C, Group D.

The latest version has been updated and will be effective on January the 1st 2020. Pay attention to the last modifications on this website:


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